What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is cancer that begins in tissues of the prostate gland. Located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate is the male sex gland responsible for the production of semen. Fortunately, prostate cancer is one of the most treatable malignancies if it's caught early.

 

Routine screening has improved the diagnosis of prostate cancer in recent years and more men are being diagnosed with early-stage prostate cancer. Prostate cancer often grows slowly, making active surveillance a treatment option for men.
In addition, new and innovative technology helps to minimize the side effects of prostate cancer treatment, including incontinence and erectile dysfunction.


Types of prostate cancer

The prostate is a walnut-sized organ that surrounds the urethra; it produces a fluid that becomes part of semen. More than 99 percent of prostate cancers develop in the gland cells. This type of prostate cancer is called adenocarcinoma.

There are several strategies for treating prostate adenocarcinoma. More than one of these treatment options may be used, depending on your individual case and goals.

-prostate cancer originates in other tissues of the prostate, which is called a sarcoma.